In this organ, cryotherapy involves the application of a minimally invasive technique.  Radiosurgery has been developed significantly for treatment of this organ. In recent years, it has been used for specific tumorous regions such as areas surrounding the ribs, diaphragm, the great vessels and the bile duct.

Cryosurgery is normally applied in a procedure involving local anaesthetic, an operation and release from hospital within 24 hours.